An Aerobic Gymnastics routine is typically performed to fast, up-beat music. Each routine must combine aerobic style choreography with difficulty skills from the four groups of difficulty elements

Group A – Dynamic Strength

Group B – Static Strength (Link to demonstrations of difficulty elements)

Group C – Jumps and Leaps

Group D – Flexibility and Balance



The choreography content of a routine is made up of the seven basic aerobic steps:




Jumping Jack


Knee Lift

Flick Kick

High Kick


Each gymnast must travel around the floor area using these steps in different directions. A beginner will typically spend many hours in the gym perfecting their basics. The steps are combined with arm patterns and transitions which demonstrate a variation in levels from low to high. Transitions are typically used to link choreography and difficulty elements together.



Within Aerobic Gymnastics there are four different categories in which gymnasts are able to compete:


Individual Women (solo routine for girls)

Individual Men (solo routine for boys)

Trio (3 gymnasts)

Mixed pair

5 Team


Various lifts and interactions are included in routines that comprise of 2 or more gymnasts.


At each competition athletes perform on a wooden sprung floor in front of a panel of judges. Every routine is rewarded with a final score based on the following variable




Artistic Content: Artistic judges analyse the level of choreography and its suitability to the music. Each gymnast must demonstrate movements which flow and match the music very well. A routine should be presented with confidence and charisma. The maximum mark for artistry is 10 points.


Execution: Execution judges analyse the precision of each routine. Each athlete must show good lines with extension in the legs, toes and arms. Feet should be locked together; choreography should be performed on toes and difficulty skills executed with the correct technique. The maximum mark for execution is 10 points.


Difficulty Value: A gymnast will typically demonstrate 6-10 difficulty skills throughout their routine. Every skill holds a difficulty value. The more complex skills hold a higher value. Each gymnast will only be credited with the value of each skill if they perform it correctly and show at least the minimum requirement. The marks for credited difficulty elements are added together at the end of the performance and then the total is halved.